Celina Esteban is a 34-year-old transgender woman. She performs her nursing duties at the Santojanni Hospital Nursing Center No. 7. She was elected by vote as head of residents.
Law 26.743 – On Gender Identity
The Diversity Coexistence Directorate encourages equal treatment of the different groups that make up Buenos Aires society.
It was sanctioned on May 9, 2012, in Argentina and allows transgender people to be registered in their personal documents with the name and gender of choice. It also orders inclusion of gender expression for all appropriate medical treatments in the Compulsory Medical Program, which guarantees coverage of practices throughout the health system, both public and private.
According to trends in the matter, it is the only gender identity law that does not pathologize a person being transgender.
According to the United Nations Development Program, almost all transgender people live in poverty and destitution in Argentina. Many of them were expelled from their homes during their youth because their families reject their gender identity.
A report prepared by the Association of Transvestites, Transsexuals and Transgender of Argentina (ATTTA) and the Fundación Hupedes reveals data from 452 transgender women and 46 transgender men in seven regions of Argentina, accounting for the high incidence of suicidal ideations in people of this group during their adolescence, which shows the absence of socio-family support and access to mental health services that this group suffers.
The transgender population is structurally poor because it is systematically excluded from formal education systems, excluding formal and informal labor markets. As a direct consequence of this fact, 90% of transgender women subsist practicing sex work. As sex workers, these women are predominantly exposed to male violence, which often takes the form of police violence. Subjected to three dimensions of oppression due to their status as women, sex workers, and transgender people, this group has a life expectancy of between 35 and 41 years.
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — I faced discrimination and fought to become the country’s first transgender head of nursing residency in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
To reach this goal, I faced my superiors, who called me a transvestite and said I lowered the status of the hospital’s hierarchy by occupying the position.
My suffering, however, did not begin on the job.
My childhood was impossible. It hurt in school for my classmates to call me by my birth name, which did not match how I perceived myself. It made me blush and become embarrassed.
As I grew older, it became harder to handle those uncomfortable situations. When I would hand someone my official documents, they often looked at me contemptuously because the way I dressed didn’t match my name.
Eventually, I stopped going to medical appointments and doing paperwork. I dropped out of school several times until I finally finished high school at an adult college.
I immediately entered the infirmary, following in the footsteps of my sister Paula, with whom I share this vocation.
There, I competed with 200 nurses and finished among the top ten positions. This result allowed me to choose primary care as my specialty.
Despite meeting all the requirements, my superiors tried to stop my candidacy. The discrimination I seemed to escape returned once more to halt my dreams.
I pushed forward anyway and, finally, achieved my goal.
The law, my shield
Speaking about the difficulties in my life, I use the past tense. I had a tough life.
One of the steps I took towards inclusion in society was to change my gender on my official documents.
In 2012, in Argentina, the Gender Identity Law was enacted, and my life changed.
Thanks to the Law, I was able to get my new identification and finish high school – the place I had left because of discrimination.
Once my documents coincided with how I perceived myself, the teachers respected me, and there was a legal framework. They did test the limits. My teachers would, at times, use my last name, Esteban, to annoy me.
A changing world
What happened to me is news, but it should not be. Inclusivity should be a regular part of life.
Little by little, people like me are gaining more space, although the segregation of different groups still forces some people to the sidelines.
In the transgender community, we have been marginalized in all areas of our lives, including our work. For many of us, that means the only option left is to earn money through things like prostitution.
Part of the lower life expectancy for the people in my community is the lack of healthcare due to discrimination.
My role, help the community
One of my goals is to help the transgender community by creating campaigns to return to the clinics.
Today, there are no transgender patients who come to the health center. That is why I want to create guides for each of the spaces to know where they have to go.
In addition, I would like to motivate them to check-in for their vaccines, receive advice on contraceptive methods and sexually transmitted diseases, and obtain routine check-ups.
Currently, we have incorporated rapid testing of sexually transmitted diseases into follow-up appointments. This achievement gives me great happiness and pride because it reaffirms my vocation as a nurse every day.
I hope that my story is the first of many and that it is increasingly common for transgender people to occupy different vital positions in society.
I hope that more and more of us enter the public health system.
Deliberate effort is made for all stories that have been translated from the journalist's and/or subject's native language into English or vice versa to ensure the utmost accuracy in context and meaning.
Descargo de responsabilidad de traducción
Se hace un esfuerzo deliberado para todas las historias que se han traducido del idioma nativo del periodista y / o del sujeto al inglés o viceversa para garantizar la máxima precisión en el contexto y el significado.
I am Rita Piris, an Argentine journalist and audiovisual communicator. I coordinate a digital art and culture publication called www.rockyarte.com. Interested in technology and data visualization and convinced that access to information technologies is a means of democratizing information and culture.