First electric handcart, Climate change, Kenya, Handcart business, Kenneth Guantai, Mkokoteni sector. | Photo Supplied by Auto Truck East Africa

Kenya’s first electric handcart creates potential for green transformation

I decided to create Kenya's first electric handcart to promote growth in their business while offering efficiency in load carriage, movement, and tackling climate change.

Kenneth Guantai
First-person source
Kenneth Guantai was born in the mountainous slopes of Meru County Kiraa Village.

Today he is the owner and CEO of Auto Track East Africa responsible for making electric carts and tuk-tuks and other electric machinery. 
Background
In Kenya, handcart pushers, commonly known as Mkokoteni pushers are operators who ferry goods across the city using manual handcarts. They are common in the streets of Nairobi with a concentration in the Central Business District, where goods are mainly bought and redistributed. 
Although recognized for the potential earnings it brings to informal workers, the Mkokoteni business sector has a reputation for destroying Kenya’s capital Nairobi.

Dysfunctionality in traffic flow in the city of Nairobi is blamed on handcart pushers who occupy most of the open spaces, alleys, and streets. Under former Governor Dr. Evans Kidero’s leadership, Nairobi was congested, ill-managed, and ruled by hawkers, matatu crew, taxi operators, Boda Boda riders, Jua kali artisans, and handcart pushers, claims The Standard

According to the 2014 Transport and Urban Decongestion Committee (TUDC), traffic jams cost the city approximately Sh50 million ( approximately $463 382) daily in fuel consumption, lost productivity, and pollution. Air pollution has been a serious environmental concern, linked to having contributed to some respiratory diseases and illnesses in Kenya. 

Dr. Evans Kidero responded to the complaints regarding the state of Nairobi but was later removed from office, for allegedly harassing informal sector workers and using a lethargic approach to manage the city. 

Since then many suggestions have been made to control handcart pushers including that handcart operators should only be allowed to operate during off-peak hours, made by the then, Chairman of the Matutu (Tuk Tuk) Welfare Association, Dickson Mbugua. 

Kenneth Guantai’s business is some of the private forces that have sought to deal with the traffic jams and chaos exacerbated by hand cart operators while tackling climate change.

Guantai developed the first motorized handcart in Kenya and Africa. The 2016 patented electric handcart is built with a trans-axle DC motor and controller system. His handcarts aim to reduce carbon emissions through induced traffic gridlocks. Kenneth Guantai asserts that the innovation will help improve the health status of hand cart pushers who will no longer have to use immense energy to manually push the hand carts.
 
Through the project, the adoption of green electric mobility technology will help in promoting the growth in the living standards of the most vulnerable in society.

NAIROBI, Kenya — It was around May 2015 when I had purchased some items for my shop in Nairobi. I was looking for a handcart pusher to ferry the items across town to my shop. 

Unfortunately, there were no handcart pushers to transport my goods. All of the operators were busy demonstrating at city hall. 

The demonstrations took place because then Nairobi County Governor Dr. Evans Kidero had called for restrictions. He alleged that the trolleys were causing an obstruction on the road and impacting traffic congestion.

Immediately, I wondered how these young men who push handcarts for survival would cope in Nairobi without their businesses. I was also aware that they were potentially losing business due to inefficiency.

I was disturbed. 

Innovation ignited

An idea came to mind to develop motorized handcarts that would be faster, reduce noise, and were green. 

I decided to create Kenya’s first electric handcart to promote growth in the business while offering efficiency in load carriage, movement, and tackling climate change.

I commenced rigorous research to find out how I could conceptualize the idea into a viable product.

A few things stood in my way. 

Professors ridiculed me and the idea, and I had no money and no support system. 

I knew this invention would positively change Kenya, and I had to follow through on my idea.

Sourcing first step

First, I took trips around different engineering firms in Kenya to inquire if the technology I needed to assemble my electric handcarts were locally available. 

However, none of these professionals seemed to have any idea regarding sourcing technology.

Although I knew I was committed to making the handcarts, I had no money to finance this project. I faced the dilemma of where to get capital to import the components. 

Due to a lack of financing, my concept remained stagnant for about six months.

Then, while boarding a matatu (minibus) to work, I saw a man perusing a Daily Nation paper. 

Grants available

On one page was an advertisement from the Tony Elumelu Entrepreneurship Program (TEEP) seeking idea’s from individuals that could transform Africa in exchange for a grant. 

When I got to my destination, I bought that newspaper and went through it to get more information. 

Armed with my concept, I applied. More than 20,000 participants from Africa applied for this grant, but I was confident in my idea. 

Results came in February 2016, and I was among the winners selected across Africa. 

I later traveled to Nigeria for a boot camp and was awarded $5,000 (USD), which I used to conceptualize the idea into a prototype.

Stumbling blocks

When I thought I had overcome all the stumbling blocks that would come my way, I landed back home from my boot camp, and I encountered more problems. 

I had the money I needed, but I had no experts to help me create the product. 

I went to the Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers (KVM) in Thika to request help through their engineers — but the MD said they tried it before and could not help. 

He told me to create it myself and bring them the business to mass-produce the product.

I resorted to outsourcing their engineers, and I rented a space next to their factory to begin work on the prototype. 

Functioning prototype

We did our best, working tirelessly, and we finally produced a functional prototype.

Coming up with a working prototype was a significant breakthrough and a dream come true. 

This model was a validation of my many days of research work. 

Everyone who was working on it was proud that we had decided to proceed with the dream.

The electric handcart got the green light for a launch after all the necessary control checks.

When the launch day finally came, it was all joy everywhere, not only for myself but the whole technical team. 

Launch day a thrill

The carts were publicly launched at the National Youth Service by the Government. Our product was the buzz of the entire week in media houses as well as social media. 

The fact that two Cabinet Secretaries, Joe Mucheru and Margarate Kobia, participated in launching them was all we needed to have a great head start. 

I noticed many other government officials present, including the Principal Secretary, CEOs, UN senior staff, and other dignitaries. The mood was ecstatic. 

The launch gave them enough hope and strength to continue holding my hand as we pressed on.

Tons of feedback

Since then, many inquiries have been trickling in. I have received feedback from Kenyans lauding the invention as the better option to their conventional manual handcarts. 

They have stated that it will be a relief to not only the Mkokoteni (handcart) operators but across all sectors of the economy, where light transportation of goods from one point to another is involved.

When I first had the idea to invent Kenya’s first electric cart, my research drove me to local universities. 

Upon sharing my concept with Engineering Professors, some called me out to be a mentally challenged man who needed to stop thinking beyond practical. 

Today, the so-called impractical idea came to fruition. 

Success to inspire

I share this story with younger people and future inventors. 

Despite the condemnation, they should never give up on their ideas. In addition to motivational speaking, I have also been linking up various inventors with relevant Government offices to access any support they need in their particular areas. 

I have been fortunate enough to see my idea through to a functioning product. 

I intend to help make that a reality for other inventors, creating ideas that instigate positive change.

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I am a South African based freelance journalist. I studied Environmental Science and Journalism at Monash University.